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Usha Mehta

Why is it in the news?

  • The film “Ae Watan Mere Watan” focusing on the life of Indian freedom fighter Usha Mehta has recently been released.

About Usha Mehta

  • Usha Mehta was born in 1920 in the village of Saras, near Surat in Gujarat.
  • She followed Mahatma Gandhi’s principles and was often referred to as Ushaben.
  • At the age of eight in 1928, she participated in a protest march against the Simon Commission.
  • During the Quit India Movement on August 14, 1942, she and her associates established the Secret Congress Radio, which commenced broadcasting on August 27.
  • Congress Radio was one of India’s earliest radio networks, utilized by Gandhi to advocate for Independence.
  • Usha Mehta, along with Babubhai Khakar, Vithalbhai Jhaveri, and Chandrakant Jhaveri, played crucial roles in organizing Congress Radio.
  • To avoid detection by the British, they frequently changed transmission locations.
  • The operation was compromised when Nariman Printer, one of the associates, was captured and revealed the location of Congress Radio in exchange for immunity.
  • Usha Mehta, along with Babubhai Khakar and Chandrakant Jhaveri, faced harsh sentences, while Vithalbhai Jhaveri and Nanak Gainchand Motwane were cleared of charges.
  • Usha Mehta was released from Pune’s Yerawada Jail in March 1946 and is celebrated in nationalist media as “Radio-ben”.

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