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PM Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan

Why is it in the news?

  • The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has launched the “Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyaya Maha Abhiyan” (PM JANMAN).

More about the news

  • The campaign aims to raise awareness and ensure the full coverage of government schemes in Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) majority tribal habitations.
  • Provides essential documents during the campaign, including Aadhar card, community certificate, and Jan Dhan accounts.
  • These documents are required for access to various government schemes such as Ayushman card, PM Kisan Samman Nidhi, and Kisan credit card.



  • Targets the development of 75 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) left out by schemes of various Ministries/Departments.
  • Funding: 24,104 crores (Central Share: Rs. 15,336 crore, State Share: Rs. 8,768 crore).
  • Objective: Saturate PVTG households with basic facilities, including safe housing, clean drinking water, sanitation, education, health, nutrition, road and telecom connectivity, and sustainable livelihood opportunities.
  • PM-JANMAN involves 9 Ministries, including the Ministry of Tribal Affairs; Further, 11 critical interventions are planned through 9-line Ministries.
  • Setting up Ayush Wellness Centres and extending Ayush facilities to PVTG habitations through Mobile Medical Units.
  • Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship to facilitate skill and vocational training in PVTG habitations, multipurpose centres, and hostels based on community skills.


Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 A more vulnerable subgroup among tribal groups in India.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Characterized by primitive traits, geographical isolation, low literacy, zero to negative population growth, and backwardness.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 75 PVTGs in India spread over 18 States and the Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands.


Recognition to PVTGs

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Dhebar Commission in 1973 created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 In 1975, the Indian government identified the most vulnerable tribal groups, designating them as PVTGs, initially comprising 52 groups.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 An additional 23 groups were included in this category in 1993.

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