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Newly Discovered Species: Santjordia pagesi

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • Scientists has confirmed the existence of a new species named Santjordia pagesi.

 More about the Species

  • Also known as St. George’s cross medusa jellyfish.
  • Considered “rare” and found only in the Sumisu Caldera near the Ogasawara Islands, 600 miles southeast of Tokyo, Japan.
  • “Santjordia” refers to Saint George in Catalan, representing its cross-shaped stomach.

Features of Santjordia pagesi

  • Large size: 4 inches wide and 3 inches tall.
  • Circular body with around 240 tentacles.
  • Transparent body resembling a see-through cushion.
  • Thick white ring along its lower edge.
  • Vein-like structures from central stomach to the outer ring.
  • Distinctive feature: Bright red, cross-shaped stomach.
  • Suggests potential for a novel cnidarian venom.


About Jellyfish

·       Marine animal belonging to the phylum Cnidaria.

·       Soft, transparent, umbrella-shaped bell.

·       Pulsating bell for movement with tentacles hanging from it.

·       Tiny stinging cells in tentacles used to stun or paralyze prey.

·       Mouth opening inside the bell for eating and waste disposal.

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