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91st Interpol General Assembly

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • In the 91st Interpol General Assembly, India called upon member countries to collectively reject safe havens for crime, criminals, and the proceeds of illicit activities.Top of Form

Major Highlights

  • India’s Call for Denying Safe Havens to Crime: Emphasis on international collaboration to prevent criminals from finding safe havens.
  • Discussions on Combatting Organized Crime: Focus areas include terrorism, drug trafficking, money laundering, online radicalization, and cyber-enabled financial crimes.
  • To tackle organised crime Vienna Declaration was issued with Five Priority Actions:

1) Global National Security Priority: Acknowledgment that tackling transnational organized crime should be a global priority for national security.

2) Building Greater Cooperation: Emphasis on enhancing collaboration between countries to address criminal activities effectively.

3) Increased Information Sharing: Recognition of the importance of sharing critical information among member countries to combat various forms of crime.

4) Empowering Frontline Police: Call for empowering law enforcement at the frontline to strengthen their ability to combat organized crime.

5) Greater Investment in Innovation and Technology: Acknowledgment of the role of innovation and technology in enhancing the effectiveness of law enforcement against evolving criminal tactics.

  • India endorsed Interpol’s Vision 2030 and the establishment of the Interpol Future Council.

 

Interpol (International Criminal Police Organization)

·       It is an intergovernmental organisation established in 1923 as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) and renamed Interpol in 1956.

·       Includes 196 member countries, including India.

·       Mandate: Global police information sharing.

·       Headquarters: Located in Lyon, France.

 

Governance Structure

·       General Secretariat: Coordinates day-to-day activities; Headed by the Secretary General, staffed by both police and civilians.

·       General Assembly: Annual meeting bringing together all member countries to make decisions.

·       Interpol National Central Bureau (NCB): In each country, serves as the central point of contact for the General Secretariat and other NCBs. Run by national police officials, typically situated in the government ministry responsible for policing.

 

India’s Interpol

  • India joined in 1949.
  • The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) acts as the National Central Bureau for Interpol in India. Coordinates all international police cooperation requirements of Indian law enforcement agencies via Interpol channels.
  • India hosted the 90th Interpol General Assembly in Delhi in 2022, unveiling Interpol’s inaugural global crime trend report during the session.

 

Interpol Notices

  • Notices allow police in member countries to share critical crime-related information.
  • Notices are published by the General Secretariat at the request of a National Central Bureau and are made available to all member countries.

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