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Lakshadweep’s First Solar Project with BESS Technology

Why is it in the news?

  • Lakshadweep has inaugurated its inaugural solar project employing Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) Technology.

About Battery Energy Storage System (BESS) Technology

  • BESS is a critical technology supporting the efficient storage of energy in renewable systems.
  • Different types of Energy Storage Systems include Mechanical, Electrochemical (BESS), Thermal, Electrical, and Fuel Cells.
  • BESS utilizes various electrochemical reactions for electricity storage, examples being Lithium-Ion (Li-Ion) and Sodium-Sulphur (Na-S) batteries.
  • Two main categories of BESS are traditional solid rechargeable batteries and flow batteries.
  • BESS is essential for achieving net-zero emission targets by 2070, aligning with initiatives like Panchamrit.
  • It plays a crucial role in improving grid stability during variable renewable generation.

Challenges in BESS Development in India:

  • The development of BESS in India is relatively slow compared to countries like China.
  • Challenges include low domestic production, inadequate raw material availability (e.g., lithium, cobalt, nickel), a lack of high-quality R&D infrastructure, technology transfer issues, and high installation costs.

India’s Initiatives in BESS:

  • The Ministry of Power (MoP) has launched initiatives such as the Scheme for Viability Gap Funding (VGF) for BESS development.
  • The scheme envisions 4,000 MWh of BESS projects by 2030-31, providing financial support of up to 40% of the capital cost as VGF.
  • The National Framework for Promoting Energy Storage Systems was unveiled in 2023, outlining a comprehensive approach to promoting energy storage systems.

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