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Geographical Indications (GI)

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • Various products from States/UTs like Odisha, Arunachal Pradesh, West Bengal, Jammu and Kashmir, and Gujarat have received the Geographical Indications (GI) tag.
States/UTsGI Tagged Products
Odisha– Lanjia Saura paintings
– Dongaria Kondh shawl
– Khajuri Guda
– Dhenkanal Magji
– Similipal Kai Chutney
– Nayagarh Kanteimundi Brinjal
– Koraput Kalajeera Rice
Arunachal Pradesh– Handmade Carpets
– Wancho Wooden Craft
– Adi Kekir (Ginger)
West Bengal– Tangail Saree
– Garad Saree
– Korial Saree
– Kalonunia Rice
– Sundarban Honey
Jammu and Kashmir– Ramban Anardana
Gujarat– Kachchhi Kharek


GI Tag


  • A GI is a distinctive sign used on products originating from a specific geographical region, possessing qualities or a reputation attributable to that origin.
  • Covered under the Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property as part of Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs).
  • Also included in the WTO’s Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement.

GI Registration in India:

  • Administered by the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act of 1999.
  • Identifies agricultural, natural, or manufactured goods.
  • GIs are registered by the Registrar of Geographical Indications (RGI).
  • RGI operates under the jurisdiction of the Controller-General of Patents, Designs, and Trade Marks.
  • Initial registration is valid for 10 years.
  • Option for renewal is available for continued protection.
  • Overseen by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.


  • Confers legal protection against unauthorized use.
  • Boosts exports by leveraging the geographical reputation.
  • Provides assurance of quality and distinctiveness.

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