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Ban on Mining near KRS Dam, Karnataka

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • Karnataka High Court imposes a ban within a 20-km radius of the Krishna Raja Sagar (KRS) Dam until a dam safety survey is conducted by the Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research, Dhanbad.
About KRS Dam

·       Located in Mandya district, Karnataka, the KRS Dam is situated on the Kaveri River.

·       Constructed in 1932 under the leadership of Sir M. Visvesvaraya during the Wodeyar dynasty rule.

Dams in India

  • India ranks as the world’s third-largest dam-owning nation, following the US and China.
  • Over 6000 completed and operational specified dams, with 143 under construction.
  • Dam safety regulations are the responsibility of individual states.

Concerns Associated with Dams:

  • While dams can mitigate regular floods, there is a risk of severe flooding in the event of dam failure.
  • 293 large dams in India are over 100 years old, facing challenges of funds for repair and maintenance.
  • Siltation reduces water storage capacity and harms various ecosystems.

Initiatives for Enhancing Dam Safety:

  • Dam Safety Act, 2021: Focuses on surveillance, inspection, and maintenance of specified dams.
  • National Committee on Dam Safety (NCDS): Constituted under the Dam Safety Act by the Centre to formulate dam safety policies.
  • Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) Phases-II: Co-financed by the World Bank and Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank.

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