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Land Ports Authority of India (LPAI)

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • The Land Ports Authority of India (LPAI) released a report titled ‘Engendering Land Ports in India’ in New Delhi, focusing on developing a gender-inclusive framework for cross-border trade and tourism.
About LPAI

·       Established in 2012 under the LPAI Act, 2010, the Land Ports Authority of India operates as a statutory body.

·       It functions under the Department of Border Management, which falls under the Ministry of Home Affairs.

·       The primary objective of LPAI is to develop state-of-the-art infrastructure across land ports, facilitating efficient cross-border trade and movement.


Land Ports in India (Integrated Check Posts – ICPs)

  • Integrated Check Posts (ICPs) are commonly known as land ports in India.
  • There are a total of 11 operational land ports, strategically located along the international borders with Bangladesh, Nepal, and Pakistan.
  • The key locations include Attari, Agartala, Dawki, Petrapole, Raxaul, Rupaidiha, Jogbani, Moreh, Sutarkandi, Srimantapur, and the Passenger Terminal Building (PTB) at Dera Baba Nanak.
  • The infrastructure at land ports includes Cargo Terminal Buildings, Passenger Terminal Buildings, mechanized equipment for cargo handling, security and surveillance facilities, and forex counters.
  • These facilities collectively contribute to the efficient and secure movement of goods and passengers across international borders.


Need for Land Ports in India

  • India shares a vast international land border of over 15,000 km with seven South Asian countries, including Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan.
  • Inadequate infrastructure at designated border checkpoints has historically been a major hindrance to regional trade, impacting the smooth movement of goods and passengers.
  • To address these challenges, the Committee of Secretaries recommended the establishment of Integrated Check Posts (ICPs) in 2003, aimed at providing state-of-the-art infrastructure facilities.


Statistics and Impact (2023)

·       In 2023, land ports accounted for trade worth Rs 76,000 crore.

·       Approximately 24 lakh passengers benefited from the facilitated movement through these land ports.

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