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“Transforming Energy Demand” White Paper by World Economic Forum (WEF)

Why is it in the news?

  • The World Economic Forum (WEF) recently released a White paper on “Transforming Energy Demand” which aims to provide practical strategies for accelerating the global energy transition by addressing and transforming energy demand.
  • This initiative aligns with the commitment made at COP28 to triple global renewable energy capacity and double energy efficiency improvements by 2030.

Key Findings

  • Managing energy demand effectively can lead to a significant reduction in energy consumption, potentially up to 31%. This reduction translates into annual savings of up to $2 trillion.
  • Emphasizes the importance of addressing both energy demand and supply concurrently to decrease the energy intensity of current and future activities.
  • With a projected global population increase of 2 billion and a doubling of GDP by 2050, there is a growing demand for sufficient and affordable energy.
  • Developing economies, in particular, require accessible energy to support growth and achieve development goals.


  • Utilization of artificial intelligence for optimizing factory line design.
  • Implementation of industrial clustering to enhance energy efficiency.
  • Retrofitting buildings to meet energy-efficient standards.
  • Electrification of transport systems to reduce reliance on traditional energy sources.
  • Highlighted examples such as India’s UJALA program, which significantly reduced the initial cost per LED bulb to as low as $0.8.
  • Advocates for the development and implementation of policies that incentivize energy-saving measures and promote sustainable practices.

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