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Appointment of the Chief Information Commissioner (CIC)

Why is it in the news?

  • Recently, Shri Heeralal Samariya was appointed as the Chief Information Commissioner.

About Central Information Commission (CIC)

  • Established under the Right to Information Act, 2005.
  • Jurisdiction is over all Central Public Authorities.
  • Functions: Adjudication in second appeals, directing record-keeping, suo-motu disclosures, complaints handling, imposing penalties, monitoring, and annual reporting.
  • Decision Authority: Final and binding.
  • Composition: Headed by the Chief Information Commissioner, with up to 10 Information Commissioners.


Right to Information Act, 2005

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 About: It mandates timely response to citizen requests for government information.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Objective: Promote transparency and accountability in public authorities.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Applicability: All government levels and recipients of government grants.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Limitations: Information must pre-exist and be held by the public authority.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Rights: Equates citizen’s right to information with that of Members of Parliament and State Legislatures.



Chief Information Commissioner (CIC)

  • Appointment: By the President based on a recommendation by a committee including the Prime Minister, Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha, and a Union cabinet minister.
  • Eligibility: Eminent person with knowledge and experience in relevant fields; not an MP, MLA, or person connected with any office of profit, political party, business, or profession.
  • Term: Three years from the date of assuming office.
  • Removal: By the President for proved misbehaviour or incapacity.


Powers and Functions of Information Commissions

  • Comparable to civil courts for certain functions like summoning, evidence collection, document requisition, and witness examination under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.
  • Authority to inspect documents, receive affidavits, and any other prescribed matters.

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