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WMO’s report on the Global Climate

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • The World Meteorological Organization’s report, “The Global Climate 2011-2020: A Decade of Acceleration,” underscores the profound impact of climate change during the years 2011-2020, citing extreme weather events, glacier shrinkage, and increased climate finance as notable aspects.

 

Key Highlights of the Report

  • Despite being the warmest decade (2011-2020) on record, it saw the lowest number of deaths from extreme events. Notably, the first decade since 1950 without a single short-term event causing 10,000 deaths or more.
  • Decrease in casualties attributed to enhanced early warning systems, forecasting, and disaster management. India specifically benefited from improved cyclone forecasting, leading to better preparedness and evacuation measures.
  • The ozone hole exhibited visible signs of recovery for the first time during the decade.
  • Glaciers globally shrank by an average of approximately 1 meter per year from 2011 to 2020. Greenland and Antarctica experienced a 38% increase in ice loss compared to the 2001-2010 period.
  • Heatwaves resulted in the highest number of human casualties. Tropical cyclones caused the most significant economic damage.
  • Public and private climate finance nearly doubled during the decade. However, it needed to increase by at least seven times by the end of 2011-20 to achieve climate objectives, including limiting global temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

 

About the World Meteorological Organization (WMO)

·       Founded by the ratification of the WMO Convention on March 23, 1950.

·       Designated as the specialized agency of the United Nations for meteorology, operational hydrology, and related geophysical sciences.

·       Comprises 193 Member States and Territories.

·       Originated from the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), with roots dating back to the 1873 Vienna International Meteorological Congress.

·       Dedicated to international cooperation and coordination on the state and behaviour of the Earth’s atmosphere, its interaction with land and oceans, weather and climate, and the resulting distribution of water resources.

·       The WMO Secretariat is headquartered in Geneva, and its supreme body is the World Meteorological Congress.

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