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Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)

Why is it in the news?

  • Celebrating its 75th anniversary, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights continues to serve as a foundational document in the pursuit of global human rights and dignity.

Key Features

  • Recognizes inherent dignity as the foundation of freedom, justice, and peace.
  • Declares human rights as universal, applicable to all people regardless of location or identity.
  • Its Components includes Preamble and 30 articles outlining fundamental rights and freedoms, covering civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights.
  • Drafting Committee: Chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt; Included members from eight countries, reflecting global diversity. Over 50 U.N. member countries contributed to the drafting, including India.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Inspirational foundation for over 70 global and regional human rights treaties.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Influenced movements like decolonization, anti-apartheid, and freedom struggles worldwide.



路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Not legally binding, leading to misuse and abuse.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Faces challenges in conflicts such as Israel-Hamas, Russia-Ukraine, and internal conflicts in Myanmar and Sudan.


India鈥檚 Contribution

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Represented by Hansa Mehta, M.R. Masani, and Lakshmi Menon during drafting.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Substantial contributions by Indian representatives.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Hansa Mehta, a member of India鈥檚 Constituent Assembly, altered Article 1: “All men are born free and equal” to “All human beings are born free and equal” in the UDHR.

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