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State of Finance for Nature 2023 Report

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • State of Finance for Nature 2023 Report was released by UNEP.

 More about the news

  • The report aims to monitor and analyse the flow of public and private finances towards Nature-based Solutions (NbS) addressing critical global issues like biodiversity loss, land degradation, and climate change.
  • Approximately US$200 billion is currently allocated to NbS, which accounts for only one-third of the required finance projected for NbS by 2030.
  • The report estimates that nature-negative finance flows, referring to financial activities potentially harmful to nature (e.g., fossil fuel subsidies), amount to nearly US$7 trillion annually.
  • To meet the targets set by the Rio Convention, the report suggests that finance flows to NbS must nearly triple from the current levels, reaching US$542 billion per year by 2030.



  • Emphasizes the need to reduce public and private nature-negative finance flows, aligning financial activities with environmental sustainability goals.
  • Advocates for the scaling up of both public funding and private investment into NbS.
  • Suggests creating non-traditional revenue streams, such as leveraging biodiversity and carbon credits to attract investments.
  • Highlights the importance of ensuring a just transition to a green and inclusive financial system.
  • Specifically emphasizes the inclusion of vulnerable groups, women, and Indigenous Peoples in shaping and benefiting from these financial systems.


About Nature-based Solutions (NbS)

·       NbS refers to actions designed to protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural and modified ecosystems.

·       These actions aim to address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, ensuring simultaneous benefits for both people and nature.

·       NbS encompass a range of activities, including reforestation, afforestation, wetland restoration, and green infrastructure projects. These initiatives are chosen for their potential to create positive impacts on the environment and enhance human well-being.

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