Why is it in the news?
- The G-20 summit in India, particularly the New Delhi Leaders’ Declaration (NDLD), highlighted the continued importance of multilateralism despite challenges.
- India’s G-20 presidency achieved consensus on key issues, including Ukraine, by emphasizing multilateralism, multipolarity, and the “middle way.”
More about the news
- A growing support for a multipolar world was evident, with India advocating for a multipolar global order.
- The desire to support multilateralism led to concessions made by Western bloc countries, resulting in the removal of direct references to Russia in operative paragraphs related to Ukraine.
- The fear of the G-20 fragmenting without consensus played a significant role in achieving the joint declaration.
- India’s efforts to bridge divides between the Global South and North, East and West, contributed to its success at the G-20 summit.
- Regional organizations like ASEAN and CELAC may seek G-20 membership in the future.
- India’s tradition of following a “middle path” and avoiding alliances helped it strike a balance in a time of global polarization, fostering cooperation between different groups and regions.
Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC)
- The Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) is a regional bloc of Latin American and Caribbean states thought out in February, 2010, at the Rio Group–Caribbean Community Unity Summit and created on December 3, 2011, in Caracas, Venezuela, with the signature of The Declaration of Caracas.
- It consists of 32 sovereign countries in the Americas.