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SC passed judgement to strengthen Juvenile Justice Act, 2015

Why is it in the news?

  • Supreme Court passed a judgement to strengthen Juvenile Justice Act, 2015.

 More about the news

  • The Supreme Court’s judgement in “Child in Conflict with Law (CCL) through his mother v. State of Karnataka” case focused on the act’s provision for the preliminary assessment of CCL in heinous offences.

 Key Highlights of the Judgement

  • Appeals against the preliminary assessment order of the JJB would be filed before the Children’s Court instead of Sessions Court, wherever available.
  • A 30-day time limit is prescribed for filing such appeals against the preliminary assessment order.
  • The time period of 3 months prescribed for completing the preliminary assessment is considered directory, not mandatory.
Juvenile Justice Act (JJ Act) 2015

·       Consolidates and amends the law relating to Child in Conflict with Law (CCL) and Child in need of Care and Protection (CCP).

·       CCL refers to a child below 18 years of age alleged or found to have committed an offense.

·       It mandates setting up Juvenile Justice Boards (JJBs) in every district to handle cases involving CCL.

·       In cases of heinous offences allegedly committed by a child above 16 years, the JJB conducts a preliminary assessment to evaluate the child’s capacity.


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