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Report on Learnings for Large-Scale Transformation in School Education

Why is it in the news?

  • NITI Aayog has released the Report on Learnings for Large-Scale Transformation in School Education.
  • The report is an outcome report on the SATH-E project implementation in the states of Jharkhand, Odisha, and Madhya Pradesh.


SATH Project (Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital)

·       Launched by NITI Aayog in 2017.

·       Aims to provide sustainable action for transforming human capital in collaboration with state governments.

·       Seeks to identify and build three future ‘role model’ states in the education and health sectors.

·       The SATH-E Project specifically focuses on ensuring the quality of school education and making the education growth process socially inclusive, regionally balanced, and sustainable.


Key Findings

  • Despite similar enrolment, India has significantly more schools than China, with over five times the number.
  • Many Indian states have over 50% of primary schools enrolling fewer than 60 students.
  • There is an estimated 2-5 lakhs untrained teachers in primary and upper primary levels, which fails to meet the Right to Education requirements.
  • Jharkhand’s merger of 4,380 schools resulted in savings of Rs 400 crore through reduced teacher and infrastructure requirements, optimizing resources.

Suggested Areas for Education Transformation

  • Addressing sub-scale schools and inadequately resourced schools with political support.
  • Solving teacher vacancies through restructuring and recruitment, such as through Cadre restructuring.
  • Re-thinking teacher education to improve quality.
  • Enforcing learning outcome accountability through competency-based assessment reforms.
  • Focusing on Early Childhood Education and multilingual education.
  • Strengthening governance in education departments for self-improvement.

Other Recommendations

  • Merging small and low-enrolment schools with nearby ones to optimize resources.
  • Considering the decentralization of powers to principals, district, and block officers, among other administrative changes.

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