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Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement Synthesis Report 2023

Why is it in the news?

  • The UNFCCC secretariat has issued the “Nationally Determined Contributions under the Paris Agreement Synthesis Report 2023,” providing an analysis of climate pledges from 195 Parties, revealing the global status of efforts to combat climate change.


Key Highlights of the Report

World Off-Track to Paris Agreement Goals:

  • Implementing the latest NDCs will result in an increase in emissions by approximately 8.8% by 2030, compared to 2010 levels.
  • The Paris Agreement goal, as outlined in the IPCC report of 2018, requires a 45% reduction in emissions by 2030, compared to 2010 levels, to limit global warming.

Involvement of Indigenous Peoples and Local Communities:

  • 40% of Parties included provisions in their NDCs that recognize the roles of local communities and the rights of Indigenous Peoples in the adaptation components of their climate action plans.
  • This recognition involves addressing the specific vulnerabilities of Indigenous Peoples and leveraging Indigenous knowledge to enhance climate efforts.

Gender-Sensitive Approach:

  • Parties are increasingly acknowledging the importance of gender integration as a means to enhance the ambition and effectiveness of their climate action.
  • A gender-sensitive approach in climate policies ensures that the perspectives and needs of all genders are considered in climate action planning.


Recommendations for Achieving Emission Peaking Before 2030:

  • Enhanced access to financial resources to support climate initiatives.
  • Technology transfer to facilitate the adoption of sustainable and climate-friendly technologies.
  • Availability of market-based mechanisms that incentivize emissions reduction and sustainable practices.


About UNFCCC and the Paris Agreement:

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The UNFCCC secretariat, also known as UN Climate Change, is responsible for supporting the global response to the threat of climate change.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was adopted in 1992 and serves as the parent treaty of the Paris Agreement.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015 by all 196 Parties, is a legally binding international treaty with the goal of limiting global warming to well below 2掳C above pre-industrial levels, with efforts to keep it below 1.5掳C.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 NDCs (Nationally Determined Contributions) are climate pledges made by countries under the Paris Agreement to reduce their national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 NDCs are required to be updated every five years, with a focus on increasing ambition in each iteration

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