Nakba Day

Why is it in the news?

  • Nakba Day, which is observed on May 15 every year, commemorates the displacement of thousands of Palestinians and the near-total destruction of their society during the creation of Israel in 1948.
  • However, it is important to note that the dispossession and displacement of Palestinians did not start or end in 1948.
路聽聽聽聽聽聽 According to the Hebrew Bible, the land of Canaan, which corresponds to modern-day Israel-Palestine, was given to the descendants of Abraham by God.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Over time, the descendants settled in this land and formed the biblical Israelite nation.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 By the 19th century, Jewish people were a minority in Palestine, which was then a part of the Ottoman Sultanate and had been under various ruling authorities throughout history.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 In Europe, Jewish people faced violence and persecution, especially during anti-Jewish pogroms in Imperial Russia in the 1880s and the aftermath of the Dreyfus Affair in France in 1894.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 In response to this persecution, Zionism emerged as a political movement for the establishment of a Jewish homeland.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Theodor Herzl, considered the “spiritual father” of Israel, published a influential pamphlet called “Der Judenstaat” (The Jewish State) in 1896, highlighting the need for a Jewish homeland to address the ongoing Jewish question.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 These historical factors set the stage for the eventual establishment of Israel, but it is important to remember that the dispossession and displacement of Palestinians occurred over a much broader timeline, both before and after 1948.

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