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Miyawaki Plantation Method

Why is it in the news?

  • South Eastern Coalfields Ltd (SECL) employs the ‘Miyawaki’ Plantation Method to bolster green cover in the Gevra mine coal belt region of Chhattisgarh, contributing to environmental conservation and ecological balance in industrial landscapes. 

More about the method

  • Developed in the 1970s, the Miyawaki Plantation Method is named after Japanese botanist Akira Miyawaki.
  • The primary objective of this method is to establish urban dense forests within small areas, focusing on creating a dense canopy layer of tall trees even in limited spaces.
  • The method involves a unique approach to planting. Native trees, shrubs, and groundcover plants are densely planted at a rate of one per square meter.
  • The arrangement is carefully curated, incorporating fast-growing, dense, and varied species of plants. This results in a thriving ecosystem that grows at a remarkable pace, approximately 20 times faster than traditional methods.
  • Chosen plant species are specifically selected for their ability to survive in harsh weather conditions and adapt to water-scarce environments.
  • The rapid growth of these species under existing conditions allows for the creation of thick pockets of green cover within a relatively short period.


Environmental Benefits

  • The method contributes to carbon sequestration, aiding in the reduction of carbon dioxide levels and mitigating climate change.
  • The Miyawaki Plantation enhances the overall health of ecosystems by creating a diverse and sustainable habitat for various flora and fauna.
  • The dense vegetation helps in increasing groundwater levels, contributing to water conservation efforts.
  • With a high density of vegetation, the method efficiently absorbs dust particles, leading to improved air quality.
  • The establishment of urban dense forests positively impacts local communities by increasing green cover and providing a habitat for wildlife.

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