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Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD)

Why is it in the news?

  • A recent study has verified the existence of Kyasanur Forest Disease in districts within Karnataka.

More about Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD)

  • Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) is a tick-borne viral disease primarily found in the Western Ghats region of India.
  • Common symptoms include fever, conjunctivitis, and myalgia (muscle pain) among confirmed cases.
  • The reported mortality rate for KFD ranges from 2% to 10%.
  • It is endemic to Karnataka, but the virus causing KFD has been confirmed in additional districts such as Hassan and Mysore.
  • Recent observations show the spread of KFD throughout the entire Western Ghats region, including Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Goa.
  • The disease is transmitted through tick bites, with black-faced langur monkeys playing a crucial role in spreading the virus.
  • Humans can contract KFD through tick bites, leading to significant morbidity.
  • The gender and age distribution of confirmed cases vary, with males and females equally affected in the 20-40 age group, while males predominate in the paediatric and elderly age groups.
  • Control measures for KFD are challenging to implement, and educating locals about the disease and using effective tick repellents are essential for disease management.

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