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Guru Tegh Bahadur

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • On November 24th, the Sikh community observes ‘Martyrdom Day’ in remembrance of Guru Teg Bahadur.


More about Guru Tegh Bahadur

  • Guru Tegh Bahadur was the ninth Sikh Guru and a prominent figure in Sikh history.
  • He was born in 1621 in Amritsar and became Guru at the age of 43 in 1664.
  • His hymns are included in the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy scripture of Sikhism.
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur advocated for the right to practice one’s religion freely.
  • He was executed in 1675 in Delhi by Aurangzeb for refusing to convert to Islam.
  • His martyrdom is commemorated annually as Shaheedi Divas or ‘Martyrdom Day.’
  • His sacrifice symbolizes resistance against religious oppression.
  • The site of his martyrdom in Delhi is now the Gurdwara Sis Ganj Sahib.
  • His spiritual teachings emphasized the universality of God, the oneness of humanity, meditation, selfless service, and devotion to God.
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur promoted principles of equality, humility, and compassion in Sikhism.

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