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India’s potential strategic partnership with South Korea in the Indo-Pacific


Why is it in the news?

The historic Camp David summit in August this year among the leaders of the United States, Japan, and the Republic of Korea (ROK) marks the new beginning of the strategic partnership among the three traditional allies.

Geopolitical Developments in East Asia:

  • Recent geopolitical developments in East Asia include the South Korea-Japan-U.S. trilateral meeting at Camp David, indicating a repair in Seoul-Tokyo relations.
  • The summit could strengthen the U.S.-led alliance structure in East Asia, along with AUKUS, the Quad, or CHIP 4 Alliance.

Seoul鈥檚 Changing Approach:

  • South Korea’s new strategic direction in the Indo-Pacific involves improved relations with Tokyo, alignment with the U.S. on China, and enhanced engagement in the region.
  • There is a shift from Seoul’s traditional approach of avoiding offense to China, indicating a willingness to address the China challenge.

ROK鈥橲 Desire to join the QUAD:

  • South Korea is keen on joining the Quad grouping, and the Camp David summit may have paved the way for its bid.
  • The new South Korean President’s foreign policy vision includes playing a larger role in the Indo-Pacific.

Opportunity for India-ROK Partnership:

  • India and South Korea are commemorating the 50th year of their diplomatic relations, presenting an opportunity to reimagine their ties.
  • South Korea’s location in the Indo-Pacific and its status as a U.S. ally make it a like-minded strategic partner for India.
  • Both countries share concerns about China’s rise and its attempts to reshape the Asian security landscape.

Areas of Collaboration:

  • India and South Korea could establish an annual summit at the level of Foreign Ministers and explore a 2+2 format dialogue.
  • Collaboration in the defence sector, including co-production of military equipment, is an area of potential growth.
  • Collaboration on Korean-built civilian nuclear reactors could help India expand its clean energy sources.
  • South Korea, with its new strategic outlook, can contribute to advancing India’s interests in the Indo-Pacific, along with the U.S., Japan, and Australia.

聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 AUKUS

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 AUKUS is a new聽trilateral security partnership聽for the Indo-Pacific, between Australia, the UK and the US (AUKUS).

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Under the pact, the聽US and the UK聽will help聽Australia to acquire conventionally armed nuclear-powered submarines.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The pact also includes cooperation on聽advanced cyber, artificial intelligence and autonomy,聽quantum technologies, undersea capabilities, hypersonic and聽counter-hypersonic, electronic warfare, innovation and information sharing.

Significance:

脴聽 AUKUS aims for聽freedom and openness in the Indo-Pacific聽region, including the South China Sea.

脴聽 AUKUS partnership is signed to bolster Australia鈥檚 naval power in the Indo-Pacific region as a聽challenge to聽the regional hegemonic ambitions of China.

脴聽 The operationalisation of this security partnership will lead to聽closer military coordination聽among the聽participating nations聽in the region.

脴聽 China鈥檚聽encirclement of聽India can be partially聽mitigated by AUKUS.

脴聽 India may聽derive secondary benefits聽from having top of the class military know-how in the region.

 

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