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First-ever State of the World’s Migratory Species Report

Why is it in the news?

  • The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS) released its inaugural State of the World’s Migratory Species report during the CMS COP14, a significant UN wildlife conservation conference.
  • This comprehensive report was meticulously prepared by conservation scientists affiliated with the UN Environment Program, marking a milestone in global wildlife conservation efforts.

Key Findings of the Report

  • Population Decline: Nearly half of the migratory species listed under the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS) are facing a decline in their populations.
  • Extinction Risk: The report reveals that over one-fifth of the species listed by CMS are at risk of extinction, with fish species particularly vulnerable, with 97% facing the risk of extinction.
  • Lack of Protection: More than half of the key biodiversity areas critical for the survival of migratory animals, as identified by CMS, lack adequate protection. Additionally, a significant portion of monitored sites for these species is experiencing unsustainable human pressure.
  • Identified Threats: Human activities such as overexploitation and habitat loss emerge as the most significant threats to migratory species.
  • Inadequate CMS Coverage: Despite being listed by CMS, a considerable number of threatened species remain outside the purview of conservation efforts.

Key Recommendations

  • Address Illegal and Unsustainable Practices: Urgent action is needed to combat illegal wildlife trade, unsustainable hunting, fishing, and habitat destruction, which pose significant threats to migratory species.
  • Safeguard Critical Sites: Efforts must be intensified to protect key biodiversity areas critical for the survival of migratory animals. This includes establishing and enforcing protected areas and implementing conservation measures to mitigate human-induced pressures.
  • Focus on Most Threatened Species: Priority should be given to species facing the highest risk of extinction, with targeted conservation actions tailored to their specific needs and habitats.
  • Intensify Actions Against Climate Change and Pollution: Mitigating the impacts of climate change and reducing pollution are essential for safeguarding migratory species and their habitats.
  • Expand CMS Listings: Efforts should be made to broaden the scope of CMS listings to include more endangered species that are currently not covered.
About Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)

·       The CMS, also known as the Bonn Convention, is an international treaty aimed at conserving migratory species and their habitats globally.

·       Under the CMS, member countries work together to develop conservation strategies, implement measures to protect migratory species and their habitats, and promote international cooperation in wildlife conservation.

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