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Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs) Scheme

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • The Union Cabinet has granted approval for the extension of the Fast Track Special Courts (FTSCs) Scheme until March 31, 2026.


About FTSCs

  • Launched in 2019, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme implemented by the Department of Justice, Ministry of Law & Justice.
  • Central Share funded from the Nirbhaya Fund to enhance women’s safety and security.
  • Designed as dedicated courts for rape and POCSO Act cases.
  • Established following the enactment of the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act 2018, introducing stringent punishments, including the death penalty for rape offenders.
  • 761 FTSCs, including 414 exclusive POCSO Courts, are operationalized in 30 States and Union Territories.
  • Linked to the National Judicial Data Grid.
  • Resolved over 1.95 lakh cases, contributing to the swift resolution of sexual offense cases.
  • Benefits include ending sexual and gender-based violence, reducing pending cases, and relieving the burden on the judicial system.


Concerns and Challenges

  • Lack of IT infrastructure and specialized training provided to judges.
  • Inadequate number of judges, posing challenges to the efficiency of the FTSCs.

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