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Cyclone Michaung

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • Cyclone Michaung made landfall in Andhra Pradesh, affecting the southern coast.
  • Heavy rain and high-velocity winds, with a maximum sustained speed of 90-100 kmph, lashed Bapatla town and nearby villages.

 

More about the news

  • The name ‘Michaung,’ proposed by Myanmar, signifies resilience and fortitude.
  • IMD issues colour-coded alerts indicating the severity of upcoming weather events: Green (No advisory), Yellow (Be aware), Orange (Prepare), Red (Take action).
Cyclone TypeDefinition
CycloneA large-scale system of air that rotates around the centre of a low-pressure area.
Classification by NDMAClassified into Tropical and Extra-Tropical categories by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA).
Tropical CyclonesDevelop in regions between the Tropics of Capricorn and Cancer, moving from east to west.
Conditions for formation: Large Sea surface with a temperature higher than 27°C, and the presence of Coriolis force.
Originate over the seas and dissipate upon reaching land.
Known as hurricanes (Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico) and typhoons (western North Pacific).
Extra-Tropical CyclonesAlso known as mid-latitude cyclones, occurring outside the tropics, moving from west to east.
Associated with cold fronts, warm fronts, and occluded fronts.
Fronts are boundaries between two air masses of different temperatures.
Can originate over both land and sea.

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