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Crime in India Report 2023

Why is it in the news?

  • The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has released the annual Crime in India Report for 2023.
About NCRB

·       Established in 1986 under the Ministry of Home Affairs based on recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and MHA’s Task Force (1985).

·       Responsible for collecting, analyzing crime data, and maintaining national databases related to crime and criminals.


Findings of the Report

  • Increase in Crime: Crimes against women, Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), children, cyber-crimes, and offences against the state increased in 2022 compared to 2021.
  • Crime Against Women: 4% increase; major cases include ‘cruelty by husband or his relatives,’ ‘kidnapping and abduction of women,’ ‘assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty,’ and ‘rape.’
  • Crime Against Children: 7% increase in cases over 2021.
  • Juveniles in Conflict with Law: 0% decline in cases; crime rate dropped from 7.0 in 2021 to 6.9 in 2022.
  • Crime Against Senior Citizens: 3% increase in registered cases over 2021.
  • Cyber Crime: 4% increase in cases over 2021; 64.8% cases related to fraud.
  • Decrease in Registration of Crime: 5% decline in registration of cases over 2021. Major decline in cases under ‘disobedience to order duly promulgated by public servant’ and ‘other IPC crimes.’
  • Chargesheeting: States/UTs with highest Charge-sheeting Rate under IPC Crimes: Kerala (96.0%), Puducherry (91.3%), and West Bengal (90.6%).
  • Metropolitan Cities with highest Charge-sheeting Rate under IPC Crimes: Kochi (95.9%), Patna (89.9%), and Kozhikode (89.4%).
  • Metropolitan Cities: 19 cities, including Delhi (most unsafe for women), Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bengaluru. Delhi records on average three rape cases daily.


Measures Taken by Government


Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2018Stringent penal provisions, including death penalty for rape of a girl below 12.
National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)Collects, analyses, and publishes crime data for policy formulation and law enforcement.
Modernization of Police ForcesEmphasis on infrastructure, equipment, and technology for crime prevention and investigation.
Specialized UnitsCreation of units to address specific crimes (cybercrime, anti-trafficking, crimes against women and children).
National Database on Sexual Offenders (NDSO)Maintains a comprehensive database of individuals convicted of sexual offenses.
Strengthening JudiciaryInitiatives to expedite legal processes for swift justice.
Smart Policing InitiativesUse of technology for enhanced policing and crime detection.
One Stop Centre (OSC) schemeProvides integrated services for women affected by violence.
Emergency Response Support SystemPan-India emergency response system with a single number (112).
Bharatiya Nyaya Sanhita, 2023A bill repealing the IPC, introducing offences of organized crime and terrorism, enhancing penalties, and introducing community service for petty offences.

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