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China’s Fourth-Generation Nuclear Reactor

Why is it in the news?

  • China achieves a milestone by launching the world’s first fourth-generation nuclear reactor.
  • The launch of the fourth-generation nuclear reactor indicates China’s leadership in adopting advanced nuclear technologies.

More about the Reactor

  • Utilizes helium gas for cooling, a departure from conventional nuclear power plants that use pressurized water.
  • Capable of producing heat, power, and hydrogen, showcasing a multi-functional design.
  • Characterized by a size significantly smaller than conventional reactors.
  • Modular design allows for factory assembly and transportation of components as a unit.
  • Power capacity of up to 300 MW(e) per unit, highlighting its scalability.
  • Designed to have increased safety measures, reducing potential impacts in case of accidents.

Advantages Over Traditional Reactors

  • Low cost and reduced construction time due to factory-built components, avoiding on-site construction.
  • Simpler and safer operation due to reduced fuel requirements.
  • Incremental deployment possible to match increasing energy demand.

Nuclear Power in India

  • India currently operates 22 nuclear reactors.
  • Combined installed capacity of 7480 MWe.
  • India follows a three-stage nuclear program.

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