Why is it in the news?
- India is set to host global AI summits and holds the Chair of the Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI), highlighting the strategic importance of AI for the country’s economy.
- In this backdrop, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has called for a global framework on ethical AI expansion.
- Children and adolescents are an important but often overlooked demographic in AI regulation.
- Many AI deployments are not designed for children but are accessed by them, leading to potential risks.
- The potential risks associated with AI includes promoting body image issues, misinformation, radicalization, cyberbullying, and sexual grooming. AI may perpetuate real-world biases and inequities, affecting children and adolescents from marginalized communities.
- Further, young people may face unintended consequences of their family’s online activities, such as deepfake misuse.
- Hence, regulation needs to be done in addressing the issues such as addiction, mental health, and overall safety related to AI.
- International best practices, like UNICEF’s guidelines, can help create child-centered AI regulation.
- India should encourage research on the benefits and risks of AI for children. This research can inform the development of an Indian Age Appropriate Design Code for AI.
· It refers to the ability of machines to perform cognitive tasks like thinking, perceiving, learning, problem solving and decision making and execute tasks in real time situations without constant supervision.
· AI is projected to add $500 billion to India’s economy by 2025, accounting for 10% of the country’s target GDP.
Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence (GPAI)
· Launched in June 2020 with fifteen members.
· Originated within the G7 group.
· Multi-stakeholder initiative focused on artificial intelligence (AI).
· Aims to bridge the gap between AI theory and practice.
· Supports cutting-edge research and applied activities related to AI priorities.
· Facilitates international cooperation by bringing together experts from various fields.
· Currently, it has twenty-five member states, including Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Singapore, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, United States, European Union (EU).
· The founding members of GPAI includes Australia, Canada, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Republic of Korea (South Korea), Singapore, Slovenia, United Kingdom, United States and European Union (EU).