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Ayushman Arogya Mandir

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • The Union Government has chosen to rebrand the current Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centres (AB-HWCs) as ‘Ayushman Arogya Mandir’ with the tagline ‘Arogyam Parmam Dhanam,’ emphasizing health as the foremost wealth.

 

About Ayushman Bharat

  • Launched based on National Health Policy 2017 for Universal Health Coverage (UHC).
  • Aligned with Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and commitment to “leave no one behind.”
  • Aims to shift from a sectoral to a comprehensive need-based health care service.

 

Components of Ayushman Bharat

 

Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs)

  • 1,50,000 HWCs planned by transforming existing Sub Centres and Primary Health Centres.
  • Deliver Comprehensive Primary Health Care (CPHC).
  • Cover maternal and child health, non-communicable diseases, and provide free essential drugs and diagnostic services.

 

Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PM-JAY)

  • Launched in 2018.
  • Largest health assurance scheme globally.
  • Aims to provide Rs. 5 lakhs per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.
  • Targets over 12 crores poor and vulnerable families (bottom 40% of the Indian population).
  • Selection based on deprivation and occupational criteria of Socio-Economic Caste Census 2011 (SECC 2011).
  • Formerly known as National Health Protection Scheme (NHPS) and subsumed Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) launched in 2008.
  • Coverage includes families from RSBY not in SECC 2011.
  • Fully funded by the Government, with implementation costs shared between Central and State Governments.

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