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Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2023

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • Pratham NGO releases the ‘Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) 2023: Beyond Basics’.

 More about the news

Enrolment Patterns:

  • 8% of 14-18 years-old in rural areas are enrolled in either school or college, indicating a substantial participation in the education system.
  • A positive trend is observed, with 84% of youth having completed 8 or more years of schooling, showcasing an improvement from 81% in 2017. This suggests increased access to and continuity in education.
  • 4% pursue Humanities, while 31.3% opt for Science beyond Standard X, reflecting diverse academic interests among the youth.
  • Only 0.7% reported studying agriculture, indicating a potential gap in the interest or availability of educational opportunities in this domain.

Learning Levels:

  • Approximately 25% of this age group still faces challenges in reading a Standard II level text fluently in their regional language, pointing to the need for targeted literacy interventions.
  • Females outperform males in reading regional language texts, showcasing a positive trend.
  • Males perform better in arithmetic and English reading, indicating variations in subject proficiency based on gender.

Other activities:

  • Only 5.6% of youth are currently engaged in vocational training or related courses, emphasizing the potential for expanding skill development opportunities.
  • A significant number of youth engaged in activities other than household work tend to work on family farms, highlighting the importance of agriculture as an occupation.
  • A high percentage of youth, with 95% of males and 90% of females, possess the knowledge of using smartphones, underlining the widespread digital literacy.
  • Males are over twice as likely to own smartphones compared to females, pointing to gender-based disparities in access to technology.
  • The marginal 0.2% difference in out-of-school rates between females and males suggests significant progress in closing the gender gap in education access.
About ASER Report

·       ASER, initiated in 2005, has evolved into a citizen-led survey offering comprehensive insights into rural India’s children’s education.

·       Focused on children aged 3 to 16, the basic ASER survey collects information about enrolment in pre-school and school.

·       Targeting youth aged 14 to 18, the Beyond Basics survey delves into their activities, awareness, abilities, and aspirations, providing a holistic view of the education landscape.

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