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Yaounde Declaration on Malaria Eradication

Why is it in the news?

  • Health ministers from 11 African nations with significant malaria burdens have recently signed the Yaounde Declaration, which seeks to eliminate malaria-related fatalities.


About the declaration

  • Signed at the Yaoundé conference, co-hosted by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Government of Cameroon.
  • Attendees included ministers of health, global malaria partners, funding agencies, scientists, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders.
  • Signatory countries: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan, Uganda, and Tanzania.

Objectives and Pledges:

  • Effectively tackle malaria threat in Africa, where 95% of global malaria deaths occur.
  • Increase investment within countries to fight malaria, utilizing new technology for data, following latest advice on malaria control, and improving efforts at both national and local levels.
  • Invest in health infrastructure, personnel, and programs.
  • Promote cross-sector collaboration and form partnerships for funding, research, and innovation.
  • Hold each other and countries accountable for the commitments made in the declaration.


About Malaria

·       Caused by the bite of the female Anopheles mosquito carrying malarial parasites.

·       Five types of malarial parasites: Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium knowlesi.


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