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World Migration Report 2024


Why is it in the news?

  • International Organization for Migration (IOM) has released World Migration Report 2024.

Key Findings

Global Level Findings:

  • Conflict and climate change are identified as the primary factors driving global displacement.
  • The total number of international migrants worldwide stands at approximately 281 million, with 117 million being displaced, marking the highest level ever recorded.

India Related Findings:

  • In India, climate impacts notably influence internal migration from states like Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.
  • India hosts the largest number of international migrants, totalling 18 million, with significant populations residing in countries such as the UAE, USA, and Saudi Arabia.
  • In 2022, India became the top recipient of remittances, receiving over USD 111 billion, making it the first country to surpass the USD 100 billion mark.

Issues Faced by Migrants:

  • Limited migration pathways for individuals from less developed countries are leading to increased reliance on irregular migration routes.
  • Migrants face a range of challenges including racism, xenophobia, and criminalization.
  • Gender-based violence is a significant concern for migrants, particularly women and children.
  • Various human rights violations are experienced by migrants, including lack of access to healthcare, education, and legal protection.
  • Discrimination and marginalization of migrants contribute to social and economic vulnerability.
  • Irregular migrants often face exploitation, abuse, and unsafe working conditions.
  • Lack of legal status and documentation further exacerbates the vulnerability of irregular migrants.

Top of Form

About IOM

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 The International Organization for Migration (IOM) was established in 1951 and is part of the UN System.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Headquarters located in Geneva, Switzerland.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Consists of 175 member states.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Objectives: Driving solutions to displacement and facilitating pathways for regular migration.

 

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