1. Home
  2. Blog
  3. UPSC

WHO Report on Global impact of high BP


Why is it in the news?

  • Recently, the World Health Organization (WHO) released its first-ever report on the global impact of high blood pressure (hypertension).

More about the news

  • The report reveals that approximately four out of every five people with hypertension are not adequately treated.
  • Scaling up coverage of hypertension treatment could potentially avert 76 million deaths between 2023 and 2050.
  • Globally, hypertension affects one in three adults and can lead to severe health problems such as stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and kidney damage.
  • The number of people living with hypertension doubled from 650 million in 1990 to 1.3 billion in 2019.
  • Nearly half of people with hypertension worldwide are unaware of their condition, and the majority live in low- and middle-income countries.
  • The WHO recommends lifestyle changes, such as a healthier diet, tobacco cessation, and increased physical activity, to lower blood pressure.
  • Some individuals may require medication to control hypertension and prevent related complications.
  • Prevention, early detection, and effective management of hypertension are cost-effective interventions in healthcare.
  • Strengthening hypertension control programs is essential for achieving universal health coverage and building resilient health systems based on primary healthcare.
  • India:
    • WHO report reveals that 4.6 million lives in India can be saved by 2040 if half of the hypertensive population controls their blood pressure.
    • Currently, 31% of India’s population, or 188.3 million people, have hypertension.
    • Only 37% of Indians with hypertension are diagnosed, and just 30% receive treatment. Only 15% have their blood pressure under control.
    • Over half (52%) of all deaths in India due to cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks, can be attributed to elevated blood pressure.
    • Young people in India are at risk of future health issues if hypertension is undetected or uncontrolled.
    • Key triggers for hypertension in India include high salt intake, tobacco use, obesity, alcohol consumption, and lack of physical exercise.
    • The report highlights the India Hypertension Control Initiative (IHCI), a government program that screens and treats people with hypertension.
      • Adequate and uninterrupted availability of drugs is essential for the success of such programs.

 

World Health Organization (WHO):

·       It is the United Nations’ specialized agency for Health, founded in 1948.

·       It is an inter-governmental organization and works in collaboration with its member states usually through the Ministries of Health.

·       The WHO provides leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends.

Get free UPSC Updates straight to your inbox!

Get Updates on New Notification about APPSC, TSPSC and UPSC

Get Current Affairs Updates Directly into your Inbox

Discover more from AMIGOS IAS

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading