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UNESCO’s Report on the Ethics of Climate Engineering


Why is it in the news?

  • UNESCO鈥檚 World Commission on the Ethics of Scientific Knowledge and Technology (COMEST) published the first-ever report on the Ethics of Climate Engineering.
  • COMEST is an advisory body and forum of reflection set up by UNESCO in 1998.

 

About Climate Engineering

  • Climate Engineering, or “geoengineering,” involves intentional large-scale intervention in the Earth鈥檚 climate system to counter climate change.
  • It is classified into two groups:

1) Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR): Draws emitted carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.

2) Solar Radiation Modification (SRM): Reflects sunlight back to space.

 

Key Ethical Concerns

  • Creation of a “slippery slope” that accelerates deployment without an ethical framework.
  • Techniques creating a “moral hazard,” providing an excuse to avoid reducing fossil fuel use.
  • Potential influence by corporations for economic gain.
  • Geoengineering tools having the potential for military or geo-political use.

 

Recommendations for Reducing Risks

  • Introduction of legislation by states to regulate new forms of climate action.
  • Scientific research on climate engineering based on ethical standards consistent with international law.
  • Consideration and involvement of marginalized communities in climate engineering policies.

 

UNESCO

路聽聽聽聽聽 Established in 1945.

路聽聽聽聽聽 Headquarters located in Paris, France.

路聽聽聽聽聽 India is a member, with 194 Members and 12 Associate Members.

路聽聽聽聽聽 UNESCO’s Initiatives include the Universal Copyright Convention (1952), Man and the Biosphere program (1971), World Heritage Convention (1972), and Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (2003).

路聽聽聽聽聽 Objective is to contribute to the building of a culture of peace, the eradication of poverty, and intercultural dialogue through education, the sciences, culture, communication, and information.

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