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UNEP Global Cooling Watch 2023 Report

Why is it in the news?

  • The report demonstrates potential and pathways to achieve near-zero emissions from cooling.

More about the news

  • Cooling systems contribute significantly to climate change, acting as a dual threat. Firstly, they escalate the demand for power, leading to increased carbon emissions. Secondly, the release of refrigerant gases from cooling equipment contributes to global warming.
  • Emissions from cooling are projected to surpass 10% of global emissions by the year 2050.
  • In 2022, a substantial 82% of global cooling-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions originated from G20 countries.
  • If the current trajectory is maintained, the installed capacity of cooling equipment worldwide is expected to triple by 2050.
  • The dual impact of increased power demand and the emission of refrigerant gases makes cooling a significant contributor to climate change.
  • The anticipated emissions from cooling, exceeding 10% of global emissions by 2050, pose a serious challenge to climate change mitigation efforts.


  • Implement passive strategies to mitigate extreme heat conditions, reducing the reliance on active cooling measures.
  • Deploy strategies to decrease cooling demand in both buildings and the cold chain, emphasizing energy-efficient design and practices.
  • Establish and enforce higher energy efficiency standards and norms for cooling equipment globally.
  • Advocate for a faster phase-down of climate-warming hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) refrigerants, surpassing the requirements set by the Kigali Amendment to the Montreal Protocol.
  • The Global Cooling Pledge, issued with COP28, provides a strong political impetus for immediate actions. Encourages global efforts to reduce emissions, enhance passive cooling strategies, improve energy efficiency, and expedite the phase-down of HFCs.


Indian Initiatives

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 India Cooling Action Plan (2019): Aims to reduce cooling demand by 20-25% and refrigerant demand by 25-30% by the fiscal year 2037-38.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Recognizes ‘cooling and related areas’ as a crucial focus of research under the national Science and Technology (S&T) Programme.

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