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Standards Machine Applicable Readable and Transferable (SMART)

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • Recently, the Bureau of Indian Standards, in collaboration with the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), organized a two-day workshop on Digital Transformation at Yashobhoomi Convention Centre, Dwarka.

 About SMART Approach

  • SMART is a joint program of ISO and IEC aimed at driving the digital evolution of international standards.
  • SMART standards enable machines to exchange data and undergo processes outlined in the standards, ensuring greater precision in operations.
  • They facilitate easier comprehension of standards, allowing users more time for innovation-led work.

Issues with Current Standards

  • Current standards are often voluminous, highly technical, and not easily readable, making it difficult for experts and industry stakeholders to participate.
  • Micro and Small sectors, which constitute over 80% of BIS licenses, find it challenging to understand the technical complexity of existing standards.

Key Benefits of SMART Approach

  • Manufacturers can integrate SMART standards into their product and service lifecycles, reducing costs and ensuring compliance with the latest regulations.
  • SMART standards provide content tailored to users’ specific needs, ensuring they receive relevant information with ease.
  • Automation of processes allows users to focus more effectively on content creation.


About Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS)

·       BIS was established under the BIS Act 2016.

·       It ensures harmonious development of standardization, marking, and quality certification activities for goods.

·       It falls under the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution.

·       Recent Initiatives: BIS is involved in creating awareness about standards at grassroots levels and conducting training programs for village panchayats.


About International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

·       ISO is an independent, non-governmental international organization.

·       It has a membership of 170 national standards bodies.

·       ISO brings together experts to develop voluntary, consensus-based, market-relevant International Standards supporting innovation.


About International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)

·       IEC was founded in 1906.

·       It is a global, not-for-profit membership organization with representation from over 170 countries.

·       IEC provides a global, neutral, and independent standardization platform for experts worldwide.

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