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Space Debris

Why is it in the news?

  • The annual meeting of Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC)
  • India aims to achieve debris-free space missions by 2030, indicating a commitment to mitigating space debris.

About Space Debris

  • Space debris refers to non-functional, artificial objects in Earth’s orbit or re-entering Earth鈥檚 atmosphere.

Need for Mitigating Space Debris:

  • Debris collisions can disable operational spacecraft, causing damage to components like optics and solar panels.
  • Uncontrolled debris growth can lead to an escalating cascade of collisions, known as the Kessler syndrome.
  • Large space debris re-entering the atmosphere can pose risks to the population on the ground.

Initiatives by ISRO:

  • ISRO System for Safe and Sustainable Space Operations Management (IS4OM) provides efficient information on on-orbit collision and fragmentation.
  • Project NETRA (Network for Space Objects Tracking and Analysis) establishes a space surveillance and tracking network with RADARS and Optical Telescopes.

Global Initiatives:

  • RE-MOVEDEBRIS: Performs key active debris removal (ADR) technology demonstrations.
  • UN Liability Convention (1972) and UN Registration Convention (1976) are the international agreements addressing liability for space object damage and registration of launched objects.
About IADC

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Established in 1993 as an international forum for space agencies, organizations, and governmental bodies.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Facilitates exchange of information on space debris research activities, cooperation in debris research, and identification of mitigation options.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Provides technical recommendations to the world space communities but is not a regulatory organization.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽 Includes space agencies from 13 countries, such as India (ISRO), US (NASA), Russia, France, UK, EU, China, Germany, Japan, Canada, South Korea, Ukraine, and Italy.


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