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South Korea’s Military spy (reconnaissance) Satellite

Why is it in the news?

  • South Korea successfully launched its second military reconnaissance satellite into orbit using SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket.


More about the news

  • The satellite is equipped with synthetic aperture radar (SAR), enabling it to produce high-quality images regardless of weather conditions.
  • Reconnaissance satellites provide intelligence on foreign countries’ military activities, including missile launches, ground weaponry, and radio/radar transmissions.
  • Major types of reconnaissance satellites include optical-imaging, radar-imaging, and signals-intelligence (ferret) satellites.
  • Countries like the US (Keyhole series), China (Yaogan series), and Russia (Persona series) have launched numerous reconnaissance satellites.
·       India’s Radar Imaging Satellite – 2 (RISAT-2) is India’s key reconnaissance satellite, equipped with SAR technology.



  • Concerns associated with reconnaissance satellites include the militarization of space, increased mistrust among countries, and the potential dual-use of technology for offensive purposes.
  • China’s reconnaissance satellites pose a particular concern for countries like India, as they can gather critical military intelligence.

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