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Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974)

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974), an eminent physicist, was commemorated on his 50th death anniversary.
About S.N. Bose

·       Alongside Meghnad Saha, he established modern theoretical physics in India.

·       Bose made significant contributions in statistical mechanics and Quantum statistics.

·       He deduced Planck’s Black body radiation law independently of classical electrodynamics.

·       His work, titled “Planck’s Law and Light Quantum Hypothesis,” was translated into German by Einstein, leading to the emergence of Quantum statistics.

·       Einstein applied Bose’s method to develop the theory of an ideal quantum gas, predicting the phenomenon of Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC). BEC is a state of matter where cooled atoms or particles coalesce into a single quantum entity described by a wave function.

·       Bose’s contributions laid the groundwork for the contemporary understanding of the Standard Model of Physics.

·       He played a significant role in fostering scientific collaboration and exchange of ideas between Indian and Western scientists.

·       Satyendra Nath Bose was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1954 and fundamental particles with integer spin are named “Bosons” after him.

·       Rabindranath Tagore dedicated his only book on science, “Vishwa Parichay,” to SN Bose.

·       During 1956-58, Bose served as the Vice-Chancellor of Visva-Bharati.

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