1. Home
  2. Blog
  3. UPSC


Why is it in the news?

  • Recently, 6 adult cheetahs relocated to India for Project Cheetah have died within the first year of their arrival, prompting a reconsideration of importing cheetahs from countries other than South Africa and Namibia.

More about the news

  • Initial plans involved obtaining cheetahs from South Africa and Namibia, with agreements at the highest diplomatic levels in place.
  • The vulnerability of some cheetahs to infections due to their biological tendency to develop ‘winter coats’ during India’s summer and monsoon months was a significant factor in the deaths of at least two animals.
  • South Africa has been considered as a source for future cheetah batches, but concerns about the winter coat issue remain.
  • Many of the currently relocated cheetahs in India have not fully adapted to the environment, and most remain in enclosures.
  • The location for future batches of cheetahs will be the Gandhi Sagar Park in Madhya Pradesh, replacing the Kuno National Park where previous cheetahs were placed.
  • Experts are considering the option of importing cheetahs from the Northern Hemisphere (e.g., Kenya) that are free-ranging and more likely to adapt to Indian conditions.
  • Factors such as logistics, age, and gender will be considered before deciding on the next batch of cheetahs, likely in December or January.

 Cheetah Reintroduction Project in India

  • Project Cheetah is the world’s first intercontinental large wild carnivore translocation project.
  • The Cheetah Reintroduction Project in India formally commenced on September 17, 2022, with the objective of restoring the population of cheetahs, which were declared extinct in the country in 1952.
  • The project involves the translocation of cheetahs from South Africa and Namibia to Kuno National Park in Madhya Pradesh.
South African Model for Conserving Cheetahs

·       In South Africa, a conservation strategy called meta-population management was used to protect cheetahs.

·       This strategy involved moving cheetahs from one small group to another to ensure that they have enough genetic diversity and to maintain a healthy population.

·       This approach was successful in maintaining a viable population of cheetahs in South Africa; in 6 years, the meta-population grew to 328 cheetahs.


Gandhi Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh

·       Location: Situated in Madhya Pradesh, it borders the northern boundaries of the Mandsaur and Nimach districts, adjacent to Rajasthan.

·       Landscape: The sanctuary features vast open landscapes and rocky terrain, contributing to its unique natural setting.

·       Vegetation: Gandhi Sagar Wildlife Sanctuary comprises various types of vegetation, including northern tropical dry deciduous forest, mixed deciduous forest, and scrubland.

·       Flora: Some of the notable flora found within the sanctuary include Khair, Salai, Kardhai, Dhawda, Tendu, and Palash trees and plants.

·       Fauna: The sanctuary is home to a diverse range of wildlife, including Chinkara (Indian Gazelle), Nilgai (Blue Bull), Spotted Deer, Striped Hyena, Jackal, and crocodiles.

·       It offers a habitat for both herbivores and carnivores, making it an important conservation area in the region.


Get free UPSC Updates straight to your inbox!

Get Updates on New Notification about APPSC, TSPSC and UPSC

Get Current Affairs Updates Directly into your Inbox

Discover more from AMIGOS IAS

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading