Why is it in the news?

  • Recent concern arises as the State government plans to denotify a substantial area of the Pulicat wetland and sanctuary, sparking debates on conservation efforts and environmental protection.

About Pulicat Wetland

  • Pulicat Wetland is situated in the northern part of Tamil Nadu and the southern part of Andhra Pradesh, serving as the second-largest brackish water ecosystem in India.
  • The ecosystem supports a diverse range of flora and fauna, acting as a breeding ground for various species of birds and marine life.
  • Pulicat Lake, within the wetland, is recognized as a biodiversity hotspot, hosting approximately 250 species of birds, including 50 intercontinental species.
  • Its unique hydrology and extensive mangrove plantations in the eco-sensitive zone (ESZ) contribute to its significance as a wildlife habitat.
  • Pulicat Lake plays a crucial role in the Central Asian Flyway for birds, making it an essential stopover point during migration.

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