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PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI) Scheme

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • The Union Cabinet has approved the “PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI)” scheme with a total cost of Rs. 4,797 crores, to be implemented from 2021-26.

About the Scheme

  • PRITHvi VIgyan (PRITHVI) is a comprehensive scheme designed to address all five components of the Earth system, including the atmosphere, hydrosphere, geosphere, cryosphere, and biosphere.
  • The scheme falls under the purview of the Ministry of Earth Sciences.


  • Monitor essential indicators of Earth System dynamics and changes through long-term observations of the atmosphere, ocean, geosphere, cryosphere, and solid earth.
  • Create modelling systems to comprehend and forecast weather, ocean conditions, and climate risks. Focus on understanding the science behind climate change.
  • Explore polar and high seas regions for the discovery of new phenomena and resources, contributing to a deeper understanding of global climate changes.
  • Develop technology for sustainable exploration and utilization of oceanic resources for societal applications.
  • Translate knowledge and insights from Earth systems science into services for societal, environmental, and economic benefit.

The scheme subsumes five existing schemes of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES):

  • ACROSS (Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services): Focuses on long-term observations and advanced modelling systems for weather and climate predictions.
  • O-SMART (Ocean Services, Modelling Application Resources and Technology): Targets sustainable exploration and utilization of marine resources, utilizing cutting-edge technology.
  • PACER (Polar Science and Cryosphere Research): Aims to explore the mysteries of the Earth’s poles and glacial regions, contributing to a deeper understanding of global climate changes.
  • SAGE (Seismology and Geosciences): Strives to strengthen earthquake monitoring and research on the Earth’s solid components.
  • REACHOUT (Research, Education, Training, and Outreach): Fosters talent development and ensures effective translation of research into services directly benefiting society.

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