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PM Janjati Adivasi Nyay Maha Abhiyaan (PM-JANMAN)

Why is it in the news?

  • The implementation of PM-JANMAN is encountering slowdowns due to concurrent data collection of beneficiaries.
·       The Union government aimed to sanction 2.5 lakh out of nearly five lakh planned houses by February 15, but only 1.59 lakh houses received sanction after the deadline passed.

About PM-JANMAN

  • Approved by the Union Cabinet in 2023, PM-JANMAN is operational during the fiscal years 2023-24 to 2025-26.
  • It targets Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), providing them with essential services.

Key Interventions of PM-JANMAN:

  • Provision of pucca houses for PVTG families.
  • Development of connecting roads to enhance accessibility.
  • Implementation of piped water supply schemes.
  • Ensuring community water supply for PVTG communities.
  • Provision of mobile medical units along with covering medicine costs.
  • Construction of hostels to accommodate PVTG students.
  • Offering vocational education and skilling opportunities.
  • Construction of Anganwadi Centres for early childhood care.
  • Establishment of Multipurpose Centres (MPC) to serve diverse needs.
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

·       Originating from the Dhebar Commission of 1973, PVTGs are identified as the most vulnerable among tribal communities in India.

·       They exhibit primitive traits, geographical isolation, low literacy rates, zero to negative population growth, and technological backwardness.

·       PVTGs primarily rely on hunting for sustenance and maintain a pre-agricultural level of technology.

·       The 2011 census recorded a PVTG population of 10.45 Crore across 75 communities spanning 18 States and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

·       Odisha hosts the largest PVTG population, followed by Madhya Pradesh.

 

 

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