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PM Janjati Adivasi Nyay Maha Abhiyaan (PM-JANMAN)

Why is it in the news?

  • The implementation of PM-JANMAN is encountering slowdowns due to concurrent data collection of beneficiaries.
·       The Union government aimed to sanction 2.5 lakh out of nearly five lakh planned houses by February 15, but only 1.59 lakh houses received sanction after the deadline passed.


  • Approved by the Union Cabinet in 2023, PM-JANMAN is operational during the fiscal years 2023-24 to 2025-26.
  • It targets Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), providing them with essential services.

Key Interventions of PM-JANMAN:

  • Provision of pucca houses for PVTG families.
  • Development of connecting roads to enhance accessibility.
  • Implementation of piped water supply schemes.
  • Ensuring community water supply for PVTG communities.
  • Provision of mobile medical units along with covering medicine costs.
  • Construction of hostels to accommodate PVTG students.
  • Offering vocational education and skilling opportunities.
  • Construction of Anganwadi Centres for early childhood care.
  • Establishment of Multipurpose Centres (MPC) to serve diverse needs.
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs)

·       Originating from the Dhebar Commission of 1973, PVTGs are identified as the most vulnerable among tribal communities in India.

·       They exhibit primitive traits, geographical isolation, low literacy rates, zero to negative population growth, and technological backwardness.

·       PVTGs primarily rely on hunting for sustenance and maintain a pre-agricultural level of technology.

·       The 2011 census recorded a PVTG population of 10.45 Crore across 75 communities spanning 18 States and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

·       Odisha hosts the largest PVTG population, followed by Madhya Pradesh.



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