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Paira Cropping System

Why is it in the news?

  • This conservation agricultural practice in Odisha is dwindling in recent years.

About Paira Cropping System

  • A relay method of sowing short-duration pulses/oilseeds in the standing crop of rice, typically around 2 weeks before rice harvest.
  • Originated in Odisha but also practiced in Bihar, Eastern Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Chattisgarh, and other similar agro-climatic regions.
  • It does not allow interventions such as tillage, weeding, irrigation, or fertilizer application and relies on natural processes for crop growth.
  • It maximizes land use efficiency by utilizing the same plot for multiple crops within a single growing season.
  • It provides an opportunity for farmers to diversify income sources by cultivating pulses/oilseeds alongside rice, potentially increasing overall farm income.
  • Reduces weed pressure as the standing rice crop acts as a natural weed suppressant, minimizing the need for manual weeding.
  • Helps in enhancing soil fertility and structure due to reduced soil disturbance, promoting long-term sustainability.
  • Improves water retention in the soil, reducing the need for additional irrigation and making it suitable for regions with water scarcity.
  • Challenges: Facing decline in recent years due to various factors such as changing agricultural practices, market demands, and lack of support from government agencies.
  • Revival Strategies: Efforts to revive and promote Paira cropping system may include awareness campaigns, research and development initiatives, training sessions, and policy interventions to ensure market access and fair prices.

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