Orangutans


Why is it in the news?

  • In Indonesia, an orangutan named Rakus utilized the medicinal plant Akar Kuning to aid in wound healing, showcasing their remarkable ability to utilize natural remedies.

About Orangutan

  • Named “man of the forest” in Malay, orangutans have ape-like features with shaggy reddish fur and grasping hands and feet.
  • They are the largest arboreal mammals, spending most of their time in trees.
  • Orangutans share 96.4% of human genes, displaying high intelligence.
  • Three species exist: Bornean, Sumatran, and Tapanuli, each differing slightly in appearance and behavior.
  • Orangutans can inhabit areas up to 1,500m above sea level, with a preference for lowland forests in river valleys or floodplains. They are found exclusively in the wild on the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.
  • Orangutans predominantly consume fruits like mangoes, lychees, and figs, supplemented with young leaves, flowers, insects, and small mammals.
  • All three orangutan species are critically endangered according to the IUCN Red List.
  • Orangutans are crucial for forest health, functioning as “gardeners of the forest” by dispersing seeds and maintaining ecosystem balance, benefiting various species including tigers, Asian elephants, and Sumatran rhinos.
  • Deforestation and hunting pose significant threats to orangutans, resulting in habitat loss and population decline.

Get free UPSC Updates straight to your inbox!

Get Updates on New Notification about APPSC, TSPSC and UPSC

Get Current Affairs Updates Directly into your Inbox

Discover more from AMIGOS IAS

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading