Why is it in the news?
- Interpol has conducted a major operation called Operation Storm Makers II.
About Operation Storm Makers II
- The operation is led by Interpol, the International Criminal Police Organization.
- The primary aim is to target and dismantle fraud schemes that exploit individuals victimized by human trafficking.
- A total of 27 countries actively participated in Operation Storm Makers II, reflecting the global collaboration needed to address transnational criminal networks.
Key Findings of the Operation
- The operation uncovered evidence that human trafficking-fuelled frauds are not confined to Southeast Asia but have expanded to a global scale, emphasizing the widespread nature of these criminal activities.
- Victims are lured through deceptive means, often involving fake job advertisements. Once entrapped, victims are coerced into committing various online frauds, including but not limited to fake cryptocurrency investments, work-from-home scams, and lottery and online gambling scams.
- Shockingly, the victims of these schemes not only face exploitation in the form of cybercrimes but are also subjected to physical abuse, highlighting the severity of the criminal networks involved.
- Interpol stands for the International Criminal Police Organization (ICPO-INTERPOL).
- It is an inter-governmental organization, facilitating collaboration among countries.
- Interpol has a long history, dating back to 1923.
- The primary purpose of Interpol is to facilitate worldwide police cooperation and crime control.
- Interpol provides investigative support, expertise, and training to law enforcement agencies worldwide. It particularly focuses on three major areas of transnational crime: terrorism, cybercrime, and organized crime.
- The organization facilitates cooperation among national law enforcement institutions through criminal databases and communications networks.
- Interpol has 196 member countries, with India being a member since 1949.
- The headquarters is located in Lyon, France.
National Central Bureau (NCB)
- Each member country hosts a National Central Bureau (NCB).
- The NCB acts as a country’s focal point for all INTERPOL activities.
- In the case of India, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) serves as the National Central Bureau for Interpol.