Why is it in the news?
- Recently, several state governments requested schools to seek parental consent for the creation of a new student identity card known as the Automated Permanent Academic Account Registry (APAAR).
- This is part of the ‘One nation, One Student ID’ initiative of the Union government, stemming from the new National Education Policy of 2020.
Automated Permanent Academic Account Registry (APAAR)
- It’s an ID system for all students in India, active for a lifetime.
- Tracks academic progress from pre-primary to higher education.
- Acts as a gateway to Digilocker, allowing digital storage of academic documents.
- Reduce the need to carry physical documents.
- Track literacy rates, dropout rates, etc., aiding state governments.
- Reduce fraud and duplicate certificates.
Functioning of APAAR ID
- Linked to Academic Bank Credit (ABC), a digital storehouse of student’s academic credits.
- Stores certificates from both formal and informal education.
- Digital certification of achievements securely stored by authorized institutions.
- Transfers all academic data when a student changes schools using APAAR ID, eliminating the need for physical transfer certificates.
- Students provide basic details like name, age, date of birth, gender, and a photo.
- Verification using Aadhar number, which is only for matching name and date of birth.
- Consent form to be signed by students or parents for minors.
- Sharing Aadhar and demographic information with the Ministry of Education for APAAR ID creation is voluntary.
Concerns with APAAR
- Sharing of Aadhar details raises privacy concerns.
- Fears of personal data leaks.
- Government assures confidentiality of shared information.
- Information sharing limited to educational entities like Unified District Information System for Education Plus (UDISE+) database, scholarships, academic records, institutions, and recruitment agencies.
- Students can opt to stop sharing their information, though already processed data will remain.
- APAAR is a significant digital step in India’s education system under the National Education Policy.
- It promotes efficiency, transparency, and equal access to education.
- Aligns with the vision of a modern, tech-driven educational ecosystem in India.