Nephrotic Syndrome

Why is it in the news?

  • Researchers from Kerala have reported a series of cases from Malappuram district linking the regular use of fairness creams to nephrotic syndrome.

About Nephrotic Syndrome

  • Nephrotic syndrome is a kidney disorder characterized by excessive protein loss in urine due to issues with the kidneys’ filtration system, specifically the glomeruli.
  • In healthy kidneys, glomeruli filter waste and excess fluids while retaining essential cells and proteins.
  • In nephrotic syndrome, inflamed glomeruli allow too much protein leakage, leading to symptoms such as severe swelling, foamy urine, high blood fat levels, weight gain, fatigue, and loss of appetite.
  • Complications of nephrotic syndrome may include blood clots, increased infection risk, high blood pressure, and potential kidney issues such as chronic kidney disease or kidney failure.
  • Treatment involves managing the underlying cause and addressing related concerns, including blood pressure control, cholesterol reduction, swelling mitigation, and infection prevention through medication and dietary adjustments.

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