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Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Targets

By Amigos IAS

Why is it in the news?

  • India has successfully met two of its initial NDC targets well ahead of the stipulated time, showcasing the country’s commitment to addressing climate change.

Initial NDC Targets (2015)

  • Emission Intensity: India aimed to reduce the emissions’ intensity of its GDP by 33 to 35 percent by 2030 from the 2005 level.
  • Non-fossil Fuel Power Capacity: Another goal was to achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030. India has not only met but surpassed its target, achieving a cumulative non-fossil fuel power capacity of 43.81% by October 2023.

Updated NDC Targets (August 2022)

  • Emission Intensity (2030): The updated target is to further reduce the emission intensity of India’s GDP by 45% by 2030, compared to the 2005 level.
  • Non-fossil Fuel Power Capacity (2030): The new goal is to meet 50% of the cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030.

About NDC

  • Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) is a climate action plan developed by each country to outline its efforts in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of climate change.
  • The Paris Agreement mandates that each participating country submits its NDC, outlining its targets and strategies for climate action.
  • NDCs are expected to be updated every five years to reflect evolving commitments and advancements in climate science and technology.

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