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National Crisis Management Response Framework: A Need of the Hour

Why is it in the news?

  • Following the recent extremist attack in Israel, the Director of India’s National Security Guard (NSG) emphasized the urgency of establishing a comprehensive crisis management response framework tailored for intense terrorist situations.

More about the news

The Imperative for a National Crisis Management Response Framework

  • Preparedness for Unpredictable Threats: Extreme terrorist incidents often emerge suddenly. Such a framework guarantees a swift, pre-emptive strategy, arming authorities to tackle sudden security challenges.
  • Inter-Agency Coordination: Effective counterterrorism relies on the seamless collaboration of agencies at both federal and state levels. This framework would streamline communication and collaborative protocols during crises.
  • Mitigating Impact: A rapid, unified response can drastically limit the repercussions of terrorist actions, reducing both casualties and destruction.
  • Protection of Critical Infrastructure: Given that terrorists frequently target essential infrastructure, measures incorporated within the framework will focus on safeguarding these, fortifying national security comprehensively.
  • Enhancing Counterterrorism Capabilities: The framework bolsters continuous training, merging advanced technology with highly skilled personnel, ensuring that the nation remains resilient against evolving threats.
  • Border Security Challenges: Given India’s strategic geographical position, with a sprawling coastline, an expansive Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), and vast land borders, managing border challenges is crucial. This emphasizes the need for a robust crisis management framework.


A Glimpse at the National Security Guard (NSG)

  • Overview: The NSG, formed in 1986 via the ‘National Security Guard Act’, is a specialized force addressing anti-terrorist activities.
  • Vision: Aspire to be a World Class Zero Error Force.
  • Mission: “Equip, train, and maintain a force adept at combating terrorism, upholding the motto ‘Sarvatra Sarvottam Suraksha’.”
  • Functioning: Functioning under the Ministry of Home Affairs, the NSG has two distinct units: The Special Action Group (SAG) and the Special Ranger Groups (SRG).
  • Operations: The NSG has undertaken several significant operations like Operation Black Thunder, Operation Ashwamedh, and Operation Black Tornado, showcasing its capabilities.


Way Forward

  • The formulation of a National Crisis Management Response Framework is not just timely but essential in addressing and neutralizing emerging threats. Its strategic importance is further underscored by challenges at our borders and the increasing complexity of terrorist scenarios.
  • As India progresses, ensuring the safety of its citizens becomes paramount, making such a framework an indispensable asset.

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